The Origin of English Language

All languages have the same origin?

 

 

1.  Introduction

ceremony
celebration
solemnity
・sermon

Please note an approximation of the pronunciation of the four words.
I suppose that the four words are variations derived from the same original word.

And these are also variations of spelling.

CEREM     CELEB     SOLEM    SERM

C or S is two types of spelling come from the same pronunciation. And they are changeable.
R or L is two types of spelling come from the same pronunciation. And they are changeable.
M or B  is two types of spelling come from the same pronunciation. And they are changeable.
Vowels are inserted to facilitate a smooth pronunciation of consonants.  They have no particular meaning.
    So all vowels are changeable.
 And it's OK without them.

I suppose in this way.

 

Let me give you another example.

arise
early
orient
Aryan
alien

These five words seem to have the same origin also.

"The east is the direction where the sun arises. The east is also called the Orient. Aryans live in that direction. They are aliens to us Jew."

 

  

2.  Alphabet

I thought as follows ...

an = one  fortunate = opportunity odd = other
either = each elude = illusion divide = type = tive = sive = ship
envelop = involve esprit = spirit etiquette = educate = ethic
event = happened excel = accelerate excite = exceed
explode = flood face = phase fact = manifest
Depict = figure fair = pair = par = para- fantasy = wonder = phantom
bar = barrier = far = wall fatal = vital fear = horror
fish = Pisces float = flowed flourish = flower + ish
fond = bond = bind foreign = foe + reign frustrate = prostrate
fund = fountain = pond publish = people prefer = propel
probable = provable punish = banish quantity = count
quarantine = guarantee reign = rein salt = solution = solved
sublime = supreme = sovereign patient = pacify = homeopathy Istanbul = Liverpool = Hamburg = Nashville = Napoli = Acropolis

... and there are many others.
And I summed up and made a changeable-letters-table as follows.  
(Although this table is still incomplete.)

  Changeable letters
a e, h, i, o, u, w, y, l, r, n b, f, gn, h, kn, l, m, ph, p, r, u, v
b f, h, m, p, ph, v, w o a, e, h, i, u, w, y, l, r,
c ch, g, gh, k, q, s, sh, t, d p b, f, h, m, ph, u, v, w
d ce, g, j, s, t, th, z q c, f, g, k, sh,
e a, h, i, o, u, w, y, l, r,  r l, m, n, f, p, u
f b, h, l, m, p, ph, r, q, v, w s c, d, es, g, j, q, t, th, z
g c, ch, d, j, k, q, s, t, x t c, d, g, j, s, th, z
h b, f, m, p, ph, v, w, l, r u a, e, h, i, o, w, y, l, r,
i a, e, h, o, u, w, y, l, r,  v b, f, h, m, p, ph, u, w
j ch, d, g, q, s, sh, t, y w b, f, h, p, ph, u, v, l, r, 
k c, s, ch, sh, g, q x c, ch, g, k, q, s, th, z
l r, m, n, f, p, u, y a, e, h, i, o, u, w, l, r, 
m b, h, f, l, n, ph, p, u, v z c, d, s, th

 

BREAK

Why do we pronounce H as [eich] ?
This pronunciation seems to be very special in the 26 letters. I think I got it.

Tip:  H is the ◯th alphabet.

  

  

3.  Composition of words

Many English words are composed of a concatenation of more than one word.

For example,

・combination

This is the noun form of  "combine".  It consists of four parts of com・bina・t・ion.
I call these components "word particles". 

combination = combinat + ion A suffix "ion" changes the adjective "combinat" into the noun.
combinat = combine + t A adj-making-suffix "t" is added to the verb "combine". 
"t" is the same with "d" or "ed" which makes the past participle.
So "combinat" is the same with "combined".
combine = com + bine A prefix "com" changes the noun "bine" into the verb.

・important

important = import + ant A suffix "ant" changes the verb "import" into the adjective.
If "ance" is added, it becomes the noun.
import = im + port A prefix "im" changes the noun "port" into the verb.

・permissive

permissive = permit + tive A suffix "tive" changes the verb "permit" into the adjective.
When "t" is before "tive", "t+tive" changes into "s+sive".
permit = per + mit A prefix "per" changes the noun "mit" into the verb.

・mental

mental = ment + al A suffix "al" changes the noun "ment" into the adjective.
ment = mind "ment" is a variation of "mind".

 

BREAK

I am a Japanese living in Japan.  [ gejirin@gmail.com ]
One of the reasons why I'm exploring English origin was the word "
karma".
This word is said to originate from Sanskrit and mean "action" "effect" "fate".
But I thought that the meanings was not precise.  
I think "karma" originally means "reincarnation". Actions on the earth are some of its causes.
Reincarnation means "rotation" or "cycle", and that is "wheel".  
And corresponding Japanese word of wheel is "kuruma (くるま・車)".
"Kuruma" is not an imported word from outside country.

 

 

4.  Verb-Making-Prefix (VMP)

admit
commit
emit
permit
remit
submit
transmit

I call these particles (parts in red letters) "Verb-Making-Prefix". I listed here are just a few
These prefixes make verbs from the subsequent nouns (in this case "mit"). 
Each VMP has many variations.  It is better to say that VMPs change their forms according to the subsequent letter.  
Popular ones are summarized below.

ab, ac, ad, ag, al, ap, as,  en, in, im,
com, con, col, cor, cur, ob, oc, op,
de, di, dis,  re,
e, a, i, o, d,  per, par, pur, pro, pre, 
ec, eg, es, s, ex, sub, suc, suf, sup, sur, sus, 
trans enter, inter, under,

The function of VMP is to simply make a verb from the subsequent noun. 

"Mit" is a variation of "met" which is the past participle of "meet".
A function of the past participle changes itself into the noun. (Discussed in the next section)

"Meet" has basically two meanings.   1: Come    2: Go  (= come to others)
As a matter of fact, every verb has the two meanings of "come" and "go" inherently. 
It is very important to note "come" and "go" is the mirror mutually. 
This represents that "going from one place" equals "coming to another place".

Therefore, every above seven words has the same meaning of "come" or "go".
The difference of the VMP only makes nuances.
These words such as "meet" or "come" or "go" have wide and vague meanings.
[VMP + noun] is one of the ways to specialize the meanings of these wide and vague words.

 

 

5.  Making of a noun by the past participle

fact
fict
pict

"fact" becomes an independent word. "fict" and "pict" exist only as word particles. 
These word particles are made up of smaller particles.

fact =  fac +  t
fict =  fic +  t
pict =  pic +  t

"fac"  "fic"  "pic" are variations mutually. (Please see the Changeable-letters-table again.)
Therefore, the meanings are almost the same.
They are verbs of meaning "come" "occur" "appear" "compose".
There are many many other variations such as "fig" "fake" "make".

And "t" is a variation of "ed" or "d" which is added to verbs to make past participles.

fact =  fac +  t fac +  ed
fict =  fic +  t fic +  ed
pict =  pic +  t pic +  ed

And past participles naturally become adjectives and nouns.
When they became nouns, "t" might be changed into such as "d" "th" "ce" "se" "te".

  

  

6.  Firstborn is the verb

We used "fac"  "fic"  "pic" as examples in the previous section.
These are the smallest particles that may have some meaning.
Strictly speaking, They can be divided further like "fac = fa + c". 
But "fa" or "c" by itself doesn't mean anything. 

I suppose that the smallest word particles, and therefore primitive word particles are mostly verbs.
This means that every word starts from the verb.
That also matches the conclusion obtained in the study of Japanese words.
(At the level of the smallest particles there are commonalities between English and Japanese.) 

pic/pick (verb)  →  pict (noun)  →  depict (verb)  →  depiction (noun)
 [hiku・ひく]

  

  

7.  Five meanings that is all

Each verb may have five meanings at the maximum. Five is all.
Most of the smallest word particles have all the five meanings.
However, the five meanings are derived from one.

1.  Come.
2.  Go. (= come to others)
     Every verb has the meaning of Come or Go inherently.
     It is very important to note Come and Go is the mirror mutually.
     This represents that "going from one place" equals "coming to another place",
     or that "dividing into the two" equals "enclosing the two".
3.  Come and Go.
4.  Go forward/upward.   (Natural results of Coming:  Please think in money things for example.)
5.  Go backward/downward.  (Natural results of Going:  Please think in money things for example.)

  

Come Meet. Near. Touch. Add. Put. Fit. Push. Poke. See. Call. Visit. 
Pull. Chase. Follow. Seek. Convey. Tie. Continue. Note. Care. Wish. Serve. Relate. Mediate. Interveve. Be between. Center. 
Bind. Close. Fasten. Stay. Stick. Settle. Confine. Enclose. Include.
Cover. Surround. Govern. Dominate. Control.  
Keep. Hold. Endure. Endeavor. Struggle. Treat. Operate.
Save. Pool. Collect.
Summarize. Concentrate. Unify. Integrate.
Appear. Occur. Bear. Cause. Realize. Be. Locate. Remain. 
Straighten. Correct. Adjust. Flatten. Neutralize. Void. Pacify. Cure. Ease. Match. Compare. Measure. Counter. Balance. Share. Harmonize. Oppose. Collide. Respond. Correspond. Represent. Imitate. Agree. 
Fill. Align. Satisfy. ・・・
Go Leave. Divide. Bisect. Polarize. Distinguish. Discern. Define. Limit. Rule.
Change. Shift. Remove. Exclude. Hide. Send. Sweep. Throw. flush.
Divert. Deviate. Exceed. Vary. Bend. Lean. Reverse.
Emit. Flow. Leak. Launch. Give. Show. Open. Expand. Spread.
Run. Lack. Elude. Miss. Release. Loosen.・・・
Come & Go Back & Forth. Right & left. High & Low. Open & Close. Ebb & Flow.
Swing. Wave. Drift. Wander. Instabilize. Exchange. Trade.
Rotate. Wind. Cycle. Circle. Coil. Round. Roll. Turn. Circumvent. ・・・
Go forward/upward Go [High. Many. Big. Great. Ripe. Center. Prime. Fine. Strict, Pure. Light. Vivid. Fast. Future] 
Heighten. Hop. Activate. Invigorate. Vibrate. Flow. Grow. Mature. Thrive. Increase. Toughen. Solidify. Refine. Purify. Clear. Surpass. Sublime. Establish. Precede. Prioritize. Center. Respect. Esteem. Offer. Enjoy. Bless. Hope. Complete. Result.
Go backward/downward Go [Low. Short. Small. Thin. Edge. Rough. Dark. Quiet. Slow. Past.]
Lower. Inactivate. Reduce. Roughen. Daunt. Collapse. Defile. Despise. Obscure. Steal. Deceive. Return.
End. ・・・


- to be continued -

 ( The origin-dictionary is under construction)

 

 

Put:  2012/05/14

 

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